Frequently Asked Questions
What is Autism?
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders, characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Autistic disorder, sometimes called autism or classical ASD, is the most severe form of ASD, while other conditions along the spectrum include a milder form known as Asperger syndrome, and childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (usually referred to as PDD-NOS).
What are the signs of Autism?
The hallmark feature of ASD is impaired social interaction. As early as infancy, a baby with ASD may be unresponsive to people or focus intently on one item to the exclusion of others for long periods of time. A child with ASD may appear to develop normally and then withdraw and become indifferent to social engagement.
Children with an ASD may fail to respond to their names and often avoid eye contact with other people. They have difficulty interpreting what others are thinking or feeling because they can’t understand social cues, such as tone of voice or facial expressions, and don’t watch other people’s faces for clues about appropriate behavior. They may lack empathy.
Many children with an ASD engage in repetitive movements such as rocking and twirling, or in self-abusive behavior such as biting or head-banging. They also tend to start speaking later than other children and may refer to themselves by name instead of “I” or “me.” Children with an ASD don’t know how to play interactively with other children. Some speak in a sing-song voice about a narrow range of favorite topics, with little regard for the interests of the person to whom they are speaking.
What is ABA?
ABA, or Applied Behavior Analysis, uses scientific principles of behavior to improve behaviors by focusing on the idea that consequences determine and affect how we learn and what we will do in the future.
A BCBA will determine which assessment will be most beneficial for each client based on the skill set of the individual. Some assessments that are commonly used are the VB-Mapp, the ABLLS, direct observation, and Functional Behavior Assessments. These assessments are then used to design programs and treatment plans that are based on each client’s needs to ensure the most effective program possible to foster success.
Who can ABA help?
Research has shown that ABA Therapy can be beneficial for a wide array of ability levels and behaviors.
Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder (ADHD)
Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Who can provide ABA Therapy?
ABA Therapy is provided by a BCBA (Board Certified Behavior Analyst) or a BCaBA (Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst).
How often should ABA Therapy be done?
ABA Therapy is an intensive intervention that is provided based on the client’s needs. Programs can range from 10 to 40 hours a week based on the skill sets being addressed and the severity of the problem behaviors. Research has supported the more hours of intensive intervention a client receives increases the effectiveness of ABA. A BCBA will be able to determine the recommended hours needed after a full assessment.
What is my next step?
We are here to help. Please contact The Missing Peace at firstname.lastname@example.org or call our office at 817-562-8731 and we will be happy to guide you through the process!